Strategic goals of Research, Development and Innovation (RD&I) related to Energy Efficiency in Buildings

The building sector comprises a broad range of RD&I topics. They include both investigations on the production side and on the side of end users. The energy supply ought to be as local, economical and sustainable as possible. The reduction of primary energy demand, the integration of renewable energies and the resulting drastic reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the production, operation, modernization and deconstruction of buildings are the main objectives of RD&I and demonstration projects. Innovations in building materials and upgrades in construction components and technical building services pave the way for locally adapted, integrated concepts with the aim of bringing the generation, distribution, storage and use of thermal and electrical energy into alignment. Strategically important RD&I topics are

  • Technical building services and innovative materials
  • Integration of renewable energies
  • Heat and cold supply
  • Thermal storage facilities
  • Stationary fuel cells and co-generation plants
  • Digital planning, construction – and living
  • Research transfer for the energy transition in neighbourhoods

A central concern is the strengthening of technology and innovation transfer. To this end, real energy system transformation laboratories (Reallabore) are being funded. Both technology-specific funding priorities and cross-technology issues are addressed. This is because the transformation of the energy landscape must be designed to be cross-system and socially inclusive.

Available funding programmes for RD&I

Program A: BMWK (Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action) funding under the 7th Programme on Energy research

In recent years, energy efficiency in buildings has also been funded through the CO2 - Building Renovation Program and the Market Introduction Program to promote the Use of Renewable Energy. The aim of the CO2-Building Renovation Program was to significantly reduce CO2 emissions in buildings. In order to achieve this reduction, KfW Bankengruppe stimulated structural measures for energy saving and climate protection in the building sector. Funding was available for the energy-efficient refurbishment and new construction of efficient houses. The Market Introduction Program to promote the Use of Renewable Energy encouraged the use of sustainable energies to provide heat in buildings through renewable ready biomass systems, solar heating, heat pumps and gas boilers. The two programs have now been merged into the Federal funding for efficient buildings (BEG). The installation of new heating systems, the optimization of existing heating systems, measures on the building envelope and the use of optimized system technology are subsidized by the BAFA.

Key National Data

 Answers where given by IWG representive for MS Germany


IWG Chair:

Annett Kühn